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“新愚公”精神熠熠生辉——中铁一局大瑞铁路大柱山隧道施工纪实
来源: 发布日期:2020年12月24日 字体:【

  suizhe10yuefenwanchengsuidaodiaopingcengshigong,jinrushouweizuoye,zhongtieyijuchengjiandedaruitieludazhushansuidaojulijungongderiziyuelaiyuejinle。

  suiranzuijiannandeshikezaoyiduguo,dan12nianjian、4000duogedanjingshoupadeririyeye,yijingchengweijianshezhemenyongyuannanwangdejingli。

  shiernianlai,zhongtieyijujianshezhemenjianshoudazhushan,wancheng1zuosuidaoshigong,yong“gutouyingguoshitou、zhiqigaoguoshanfeng,weirenminzhulu、yongxuexingjianshou”dedandang,rangdangdai“xinyugong”jingshenyiyishenghui。

2 水火大柱山+史飞龙摄+中铁一局集团有限公司+ 15249260579+2017年5月24日摄,大柱山隧道建设者进行泄水压施工,从2008年8月份开工以来,隧道已经涌出15座西湖水量。

图为中铁一局大柱山隧道建设者在洞内进行泄水压施工。

骨头硬过石头

  2008nian,daruitieluda(li)bao(shan)duanlvxiankaigong。zheiduan135.64gonglizhangdexianlu,gongyou21zuosuidao、34zuoqiaoliang,qiaosuibida86.5%。qizhong,weiyuyunnanbaoshanzhangyue14.5gonglidedazhushansuidao,shiyitiaorang500yumingsuidaozhuanjiakanledouzhiyaotoude“diyushi”suidao——chuanyue6tiaoduanliedai,zonghelefuzaduanceng、tuniyongshui、ruanruoweiyandabianxing、gaodire、yanbaodenggeleifengxian,shige“shijiexingnanti”。

  youyudizhitiaojianelie,suidaogongqicong5nianbanyidudiaozhengwei8nian,youdiaozhengwei13nian。erlaizizhongtieyijusigongsidejishigedabufenshiersanshisuichutoudenianqingren,yejiuzhagenshenshan,yidaishiyunian,fengxianleyidairendeqingchun。

  zheitiaosuidaoyouru“shuiliandong”。yongshuizaisuidaojianshezhonghenchangjian,danyongchuliangzheimeda,shigongrenyuanhaishitouyicijiandao。gaofengqi,meitianyongshuiliangdadao7.2wanlifangmi,meixiaoshiersanqianlifangmideyongshuishunzhesuidaoerchu,zailancangjiangyicedeqiaobishangxingchengpubu,chengweidangdiyidajingguan。12nianjian,zongyongshuiliangyueda3.1yilifangmi,jinchoushuibengjiuyonghuaile140duotai。

  chulejingchangzai“shuiliandong”zhong“linyu”,jianshezhemenhaijinglile“sangna”kaoyan。butongyudazhushansuidaojinkoufangxiangde“lenglin”,zaichukoufangxiang,shigongrenyuanchuyushizhenghuanjingzhong,dongneizuigaowendudadao42du,5gexiaoshiyigenghuandebingzhuanshangmianchenglegongyoumenzuihaodeyeshiweiyikeyinaliangxiuxidedifang。yigezhangzimianmeitianxuyaobingkuai12dunzuoyou,gongrengongzuo3gexiaoshizuoyoujiuyaohuangang,burangenbenjianchibuxialai。

  xiangmubufujinglijiansanfenbujingli、laodangyuanchenzhiqiangqingxidijideneiduan“shuishenhuore”derizi。“rendaizailimiandouyouyizhongzhixigan,yibanrenchengbangexiaoshijiufanzao。womenjingchangdaiqibagexiaoshi,yirenyitianyaohe20duoshengshui。”

  gaoshidu、fushixingdekongqirongyijiangyifuoulan。“yifuzaodetaikuaile。”25suidejishuyuanleitengyicixinghuale39.9yuanzaiwangshangmaile5jianduanxiu,“wangshangmaibianyi,huaileyebuxinteng。”

  yongchudeshuijiashanggaowenxingchengletianrandesangnayu,dongneishiduchangniangaoda80%。gongrenmeigongzuo20fenzhongjiuyaoxiuxi15fenzhong,renyuanoutu、yundaodexianxiangshiyoufasheng。jinrugaowenduanshigonghou,suidaofujindexiangzhenzhensuojiutiantianyougongrenquzhiliao。

  qizhong,zui“zaozui”deshipenjiangbandejigexiongdi。penjiangliaojiandaoshenshang,jiashanggaowenshiqi,rangtamencongduqiyanerdaojiaozhitoudepifuhenduodifangkuilanle,tengdewanshangshuijuedoubuganfanshen,yitianyaomoliangsanzhiyaogao。

  shougaowenyingxiangde,haiyoujixieshebei。celiangyiqizaidongliersangexiaoshihoucainengkaishigongzuo,sunhuailvbizhengchangzhuangtaixiashiyonggaojishibei。20fenzhongnengceliangwanderenwuwangwangxuyaoyigeduoxiaoshi,shenzhigengzhangshijian。wajueji、yunzhachezhiyaozaidonglitingfangyitian,jiukaishishengxiu。chuzhachepaobudaoyibanjiu“kaiguo”,xiuxi20duofenzhongcainengjixuzou。

  shigonghuanjingrucielie,hetuilehenduoren。youyixienongmingongganbudaoyigegongxuxunhuan,zhaohubudajiuzoule;youjigekachesijiganle3tian,gongziyebuyao,shuoshayebukenganle。houlaizhaopinnongmingongshi,dangdirenyitingdazhushansuidao,jiulianmangbaishoushuo:“buqu、buqu,taiku、taiku,neibushirengandehuo。”

  danyijude“jiangshi”menquejianchilexialai,buwei“shuishenhuore”、yingmian“xianxianghuansheng”、renshou“manzhangguji”,baoding“yugongyishan”xinnian,12nianlaibuxieaozhan,shiyaozaochuandazhushan。“shitouzaiying,yeyingbuguogutou。womenwanchenglebierenyanzhongbukenengwanchengderenwu!”jinnian4yue28ri8shi36fen,suidaoguantong。neiyike,jianshezhemenbaiganjiaoji,releishunlianerxia。

8 水火大柱山+史飞龙摄+中铁一局集团有限公司+ 15249260579+2017年5月23日摄,中铁一局施工的大柱山隧道出口端处于高地温地段,冰块是最有效的降温方法。史飞龙摄影

图为隧道建设者在冰块上略作休息。

志气高过山峰

  lancangjiangbiandejihongqiaomoyashikeshang,keyou“renlisuotong”sigedazi,chengsongzhelaodongrenmindezhiqidanlianghecongmingcaizhi。zheiyejilizheyijudeyongshimen“fengshankailu”。

  “tingdaobierenshuodaruixiangmujinzhanhenman,woxinlijiugandaohenweiqu。”sangongquzonggongdulijunjiangdao:“woyaotongguozheigesuidaozhengmingyixiaziji,zheiyanggerencaihuiyourongyuganhechengjiugan。”rujintagangdaoerlizhinian,raner2014nian,xiaohuozituijiutengdebuxing,jianchahouzhenduandelefengshi,youzhangqishirehuanjingsuozhi。

  yuanxiangmujinglijiangdongshuo:“wobuxiangxinbataganbuxiaqu。wobuxinwomendabutongzheigesuidao。fuchulezheimeduo,jianchileshinian,womenjuebufushu!suidaoguantongshi,bujianbusan!”

  chenzhiqiangshuo:“gebierenzoule,danwobunengzou。zuoletaobing,jiushudiaolezhenggerensheng。”

  xinzhongyouxinnian,jiaoxiayouliliang,zaikuzainandoubupa。

  2009nian8yue,shigongjuejinzhiyanziwoduanceng。shuiyajida,shichangyoushuijiazhexisha、eluanshipingshepenyongerchu。yici,penchudenijiangbatingzaizhangzimianfujindeyitaizhongdajidundewajuejituichu40duomiyuan。

  juliangyongshuijishigongdailailehendakunnanhejidafengxian。156mideduanceng,yijurenyuqichandoule26geyue,pingjunmeitianjuejinbudao20limi。

  shuizhaiduancengweiyanyininghuiyanweizhu。ninghuiyanyushuijiyiruanhua,suishuiyiliushi,rongyizaochengzhangzimianshiwen、tanta、tuniyongshuidengxianqing。2013nian5yue18ri9shi,shuizhaiduancengganggangzhihuhaodegongdingturanpenchuheisenijiang,zhijing10.8limi、zhang20mi,chenzhongdezuangan,congzuankonglibeipenchuqu20miyuan。zhihugongdingdegongzigangbeiningchengmahuazhuang、“zhi”zixing,youdezhijieduandiao,zhihugangjiagagazuoxiang。

  danzheibingmeiyouhetuiyijuren。tamenzunxun“yanbianwobian”deyuanze,chuangzaoleduozhongzhujiangdushuidefangfa,jiaguweiyan,bubuweiying,lishi18geyue,anquantongguozheiyiduanceng。

  zaiyijingshuiduanceng,cong2016nian9yuefenkaishi,jianshezhemenaozhanle8geduoyue,quezhiqianjinle20mi。“jingtance,qianfangyouyigefushuigouzao,kenengcunzaituniyongshui,yancengyebuhao。buganzaiwangqianzoule,fengxiantaida。”ergongquzonggongchengshihanfangjinshuo,“womencaiyongyuhuikaiwafangan。diyicibingmeiyouchenggong,yuanyinshiyuhuileyibaiduomihou,faxianyancengyuzhangzimianyiyangposuibukan,zhinengzhongzhiqianjin。dierci,quxiankaiwale360duomi。

  budeyierweizhi。hejiyuhuikaiwa500duomi,jiuweileraokaiposuichanruode90miduanceng。

  jiuzairucieliedehuanjingxia,jianshezhemenhaishijiaoshangleyifenlianglidechengjidan。tamenchuangzaoleguoneidanxiantielusuidaocaiyongzuanbaofashigongdutoujuejinzuizhangxinjilu。zaiyezhuzuzhidemeiyueanquan、zhiliang、jindu、wenmingshigongzonghedajianchahuodongzhong,yijujibenchuyudabaoduandiyiming,beiyuweishiyizhiganyudandang、yongyutiaozhandeyingxiongtuandui。xiangmubuxianhouhuodeyunnanshengzonggonghui“gongrenxianfenghao”“daruitielujianshexianjindanwei”jiquanguo“gongrenxianfenghao”dengrongyu。

为人民筑路

  ruilishimanglingcuncunminyanlushuo:“womencunlide300duocunmin,shidaikaozhongdiweisheng,yinianxialairenjunshourubuguo2000yuanzuoyou。womenpanzhetielukuaidianxiutong,daoneishimaixigua、maicaijiufangbianle,haikeyizuoxiebiedeshengyi。”

  2008nian,kaigongneiyinian,meitiandouyoudangdibaixingteyilaidaogongdi,huoyuanhuojindikankanhuoredeshigongxianchang,sansanliangliangdiyilun,haichoujihuihegongrenliaojiju。yijudecanjianzhemenshizhongjideconglaoxiangdeyanshenzhongyiyanjiunengkanchulaideduizheitiaoludeqipan。zheiyechengweitamenshiduonianlaijianshoudeliliangyuanquan。

  “dazhushanjianshoudetongzhi,bushiweileshouru,zheilichengbenyalida,fabuleduoshaoqian;yebushidengzheshengzhi,doushinianqingren,shinianneiyeshaoyourentuixiu;shiyizhongxinnianhejingshenzhichengzhetamen。zheizhongxinnianjiushijianshou,jingshenjiushidandang。weirenminzhulu,yangqiyiburongci!”xiangmubuxindiaorenlaidedangzhibushujishuo。

  xiangmubutongzhifenfenbiaoshi,“zaizheigehepingdeniandai,buxuyaowomenpaotoulusarexue,danguojiazaifazhan,henduoshiqingdouyaoquzuo,gangweidebutong,suodanfudezhizeyebutong。dangxiawomenjiushijiejinsuoneng,jiangzheigesuidaodatong”“dazhushansuidaojituozheyunnanbaoshanrenmindeqiwang,zhiyaosuidaonengzaoriguantong,zaikuzaileidoubupa”。

  sangongquwujibuzhangwuhaodehuahenshizhijieledang:“zheilishenghuoanyima?shenshangougounaernengbideshangfanhuadechengshi;nengzhenghenduoqianma?shigongnanduzheimedagongqiyanhouzheimezhang;weilexiulifengjing?sheihuizaiersanshisuidefanghuazaishanlidaishangshinian。doubushi。weishenmebuzou?womenzoulesheihaihuilaixiuzheitiaolu?”

  2011nian3yue28ri,yanziwopingdaoyongshui,shijigerencongzhongwu12dianpindaoxiawu6dian,yingshibazhihugangjiadingleshangqu。danshicaiguobangexiaoshi,6dianban,dongkouzaicigaoji,suoyourenfangxiaganggangduanshangdefanwanjiubenxiangxianchang。“dangyuanlingdaoganbuchongzaizuiqianmian,dajiabazonggong3fangduo、meige1miduozhangdemubansaijinzhihugangjiashangfangdeyongshuikou,renyicengyicengdizhanzaitaicheshangxiangshangdimuban,yizhichixudaodiertianlingchen1dian。”ergongqujinglichengruihuiyidangshideqingjingshuo,“zheiciyongshuidianzaigangzhihuhaodesuidaoshangfang,ruguodubuzhu,banniandexinxuejianghuiyuyidan。pingdaozhangzimianyinweituniyongshuiyijingtinggong1nianban,zaiyejingbuqizhetengle。”

  2011nian7yuedeyigezaochen,yanziwozhengdongzhangzimianshangduanmianyoucedegongjiao,turanliekaiyigezhijingdayue60limiderongqiang。budaoshifenzhong,suidaolijiuyongchuleyanshenyue50mizhang、banmihoudenijiang。erqie,liekouhaizaibuduankuoda。hanfangjindangshizhenghaozaichakanshigongjinzhan,xianzaixiangqizheiyichangjing,tashuodangshiziji“tuiyoudianfaruan”。bixuxunsuduzhubuduansiliedekouzi!tamenbuguyiqieditangzhenijiang,wanghuokoushangpaqu。congzaoshang8diandaoxiawu2dian,tamendailingjishuyuanhezuoyegongrenyitongzhengzhengqiqimale10dunshuiniheshadai。“suoyourendetuidoubeishuinishaolanle,zouluyezoubule。danwomenbunengrangyongnihuilewomendechengguo,neiyangdehuagongqiyouyaoyanhoujigeyuele。”

  zheixieyingxiongdejiankang,yeburongleguan。dangdishuizhiying,qichuxiangmuyongdeshuidoushisuidaoshenchulaideshui。bujiu,jiufaxianyourenhuanshangledanjieshi。suizheshijiantuiyi,huanbingderenshuyuelaiyueduo,zuihoujingyou80%derenhuanyoujieshi。

  30suichutoudeergongqugongchengbuzhangxiebeizhan,shiyimingrudangjijifenzi,huanshangdanjieshihou,danxinshoushushangkouyingxianggongzuo,jiuyongpingguozhi、ganlanyou、ningmengzhihexieyanpaishi,“heganlanyoudeganjuezhenbuhao,danhaidehe。”

  laoxiuligongxiejianninghuandanjieshihou,painiaochuxiankunnan。

  chuzhabanbanzhanghuiminghuayoutianzaichuzhashi,danjieshifanle,tongdezaicheshangdagun,hedegongyouganjinbatasongwangyiyuan。

  chulezheixiezhemo,tamenhaiduociyusishencajianerguo。

  zhijindourangdulijungandaohoupadeshi2010nian11yuedeyitianwanshang,tazhengzaizhangzimiandetaicheshangzuoceliangfangxianbiaoshi。turan,“hong”deyisheng,haoxiangpaodanbaozhadeshengxiangzaierbianxiangqi。“neiyike,woxiayishidicongtaicheshangwangxiatiao。denghuiguoshenlaiyikan,yikuaidashitouyijingzhongzhongdizazaiganggongjiashang,suidaodingbuyigudayueshilimicudeshuizhupensheerchu。”

  jishuyuanleitengyeyudaoguoleisihairendejingkuang。neishiyitianzhiyebanshi,lingchenliangsandian,tazaitaichepanghegongrenyiqiliganggongjia。zhiyizhayanjian,biantingdao“gazhizhi”shengxiang,pingchangkansicudagangyingdegongjiahaoxiangbeiyishuangkanbujiandedashouwanghoutuileyiliangmi。bansuizhehouyi,gongjiayebianxingle。diyicipengdaoruciqingjing,leitengnaoziliyipiankongbai。linggongyuanzheishidaheyisheng“che”,tacaixingguoshenlai。

用血性坚守

  shiernianqian“jianjia”shi,ergongquzhudibujingyijianzhongxiadeyikexiaoshumiao,rujinyizhangchengpenkoucule。zheiqunjianshezheyexiangzheikeshu,zaizheiershengle“gen”。

  2010niandao2012nianjian,shixiangmuzuikunnandeshihou。bushaorenzoule,gongchengbuzhishengxialiuxinhua。“woguanggansilingyige,jishifuzonggong、gongchengbuzhang,haishijishuyuan。zhihuibuhegecanjiandanweixichengdaruitielu‘shidaguai’,qizhong‘yiguai’jiushiyijuguanggansilingliuxinhua。”liuxinhuazichaodao,“wobuganxinrangbierenwujiewomen10duonianlai,lianyitiaosuidaodoudabutong,wulunruhedejianshoudaozuihou。”rujin38suidetaxiedingle。shinianqian,tayouyitounongmidewufa。“jingchangyigexingqiaoliangsangetongxiao,dangshishentihainengkangdezhu。toufadiaoyejiuzheijiniandeshi。neihuierpingdaojinrufanpoduan,shigongyuelaiyuejiannan,anquanyebunengsihaomahu,jiashanggaobiangeng、zuofangan,xinliyalihenda,zhengtianjiaolv、danxin,wanshangtangdaochuangshangyeshuibuhao。xianzaiyaliguoqule,dantoufazhangbuchulaile。”

  sangongqushengchanfujinglizhaozhenfengxueyagao,tawanquankeyiyiciweiyou,qingqiudiaohuandaoqitaxiangmuqu,dantameiyou。zheizhonghuanjing,duishentijiweibuli,zaisuidaolitajingchangjuedexinlifahuang。danguanjianshihoutaquekeyijitianbuchusuidao,chifandoushisongjinqude,leidebuxingjiuzaiyunliaocheshangmiyihuier。“qianxienianwofumuyinmeiqizhongdu,muqinguoshi、fuqinbingzhong,yuemuyeyouxinzangbing。xiaohaizaigongdishichangshengbing,yidazhenjiudaku,woxinlitebienanshou。shuogongzuoshiweilezhengqianyangjia,danjialimeiyigerenwodoumeiyouzhaoguhao。”takuijiudishuo。

  hanfangjinshitongguowangluozhaodexifu。dangchubuyuanjiajigongchengrendenvfang,yutajingguoleyichangzhangdawuniandemalasongshilianai,caixijieliangyuan。“bierenliangkouzinengyiqichifan、guangjie、kandianying,womenzhinengshipinliaotian。”meicitingdaoairendeyouyuan,hanfangjindouyizhenxinsuan。

  sangongqugongchengbubuzhanggaofeiyeshitongguowangluozhaodaodexifu。“2010niantongguowangshangliaotian,renshilegongdipangbiancunzishangdeyigenvhai。xianzai2geerzi,dade8suile,zaicunlishangxue。”

  junrenchushendeweifeng,zai11nianli,zaijiazhiguolelianggechunjie。youyici,tamuqinlazhetadegeboshuo:“shabaniliuzaineierle?qianzhengbuleduoshao,zhengtianjianbuzheren,zheirizihaiguobuguole?”tazhishihuiyingmuqin:“danweideshininbuyaoguanle。”

  baozhesunziqinyixialiandaner,zheiyangdeqingjingzhinengzailichunfengnaohaizhongduocihuanxiang。“qiannian,erzijiehun,woqingleyigexingqidejia。xianzaisunzidou1suiduole,haimeijianguo。xiangmushangdaxingtaiche19tai、zhuangzaiji10tai、wajueji5tai、kongyaji9tai、jiesongche5liang,haiyouzhongduodefengji、shuibeng、guanche、kache,meitiandouyouxiulidejijucheliang,gaofengqijinjinluntaiyigeyuejiuyaogenghuan400duotiao,pingrilimeiyuepingjunyeyaobaishitiao,genbenzoubukai。”baoshandaoxiandefeijizhiyao2geduoxiaoshi,dantayizhimeihuiqu。

  shiduonianlai,shijigehaizizaidashanlichusheng,jishigehaiziyijiyuangongfumulaizheilishenghuoguo。

  ganyixingaiyigang,buweifanhuayijiangxin;weiyishishouyishan,buwangchuxindeshizhong。jianshezheyongxinxuekefukunnan,yongyizhichuantoujianshi。dangliechejinyong7fenzhongjiutongguodazhushanshi,neibijiangshitamenqingchunfanghuazhanfangzuimeilideshike。  yijuxuan

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